Scientific literacy implies that a person can identify scientific issues underlying national and local decisions and express positions that are scientifically and technologically informed.
It is the knowledge and understanding of scientific concepts and processes required for personal decision making, participation in civic and cultural affairs, and economic productivity. It also includes specific types of abilities. In the National Science Education Standards, the content standards define scientific literacy.
Scientific literacy means that a person can ask, find, or determine answers to questions derived from curiosity about everyday experiences. It means that a person has the ability to describe, explain, and predict natural phenomena. A literate citizen should be able to evaluate the quality of scientific information on the basis of its source and the methods used to generate it.
But there are certain questions like why one should go with scientific literacy and what and where is the need for this. Towards this, we need to understand the media literacy, recognizing their claims and being able to determine if it’s trustworthy is the critical first step to appraising all the claims people hear every day.