Subbarao opposes 'too-large-to-fail bank'
Amidst the ongoing talks of consolidating small state-run banks to create one or two globally large size banks, RBI governor D Subbarao cautioned...
Says they may create regulatory problems; agrees for more big size banks with healthy competition
Significantly big banks can resort to monopolistic practices that may result in unequal competition and distortive and even predatory behaviour in the market
Mumbai (PTI): Amidst the ongoing talks of consolidating small state-run banks to create one or two globally large size banks, RBI governor D Subbarao cautioned against making a 'too-large-to-fail' banks, saying what is needed is not a monopolist but a number of comparatively large banks.
Citing the 2008 credit crisis, which was triggered by too-big-to-fail banks, Subbarao said, "we don't need monopolies, instead we need four-five banks of big size, as large banks can become too-big-to fail, leading to moral hazard problems."
He said though consolidation brings in higher capital base facilitating increased lending activity and faster GDP growth, apart from boosting infra financing, and meet demands of corporates, both at home and globally, apart from cost efficiencies and focused supervision, he said it also brings in regulatory issues.
"Significantly big banks can resort to monopolistic practices that may result in unequal competition and distortive and even predatory behaviour in the market," he said. Addressing a FIBAC-organised banking summit here on Tuesday, Subbarao however, said that it will take several years for the country's banks to achieve the status of a large global bank.
"Our biggest bank (SBI) is ranked at about 60 in the global league. It may take years for our banks to become global players by way of organic growth. However, we should aspire to have a few Indian multinational banks in the near future by selective acquisition, as large banks may dilute the benefits of competition."
Subbarao noted that the demand for consolidation increased after Narasimham committee-I report in 1991, and SH Khan committee in 1997, Narasimham committee-II in 1998, Raghuram Rajan committee in 2009, the Committee on Financial Sector Assessment in 2009 and the Committee on Fuller Capital Account Convertibility in 2006. Since the first round of bank nationalisation in 1969, there were 41 mergers and amalgamations in the sector, out of which 17 happened before the onset of reforms in 1991 and 24 after that, he said.
Stating there is significant skewness in the size of banks, he said "our second largest bank is almost one-third the size of the biggest bank (SBI). This creates a monopolistic situation. The task is to ensure that there are at least four-five banks of comparable size at all times to ensure that consolidated banks do not acquire monopolistic market power, adopt predatory behaviour and force smaller banks into unviable models," Subbarao said.
Supporting small banks, he said, they have a comparative advantage in the supply of credit to small businesses, farmers and other unorganised sector entities, thereby furthering the cause of financial inclusion.