Alarming rise of diabetes in India

Alarming rise of diabetes in India
Highlights

Alarming rise of diabetes in India.The latest global figures on diabetes, released by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), has raised a serious alarm for India, that nearly 52% of Indians aren\'t aware that they are suffering from high blood sugar.

The latest global figures on diabetes, released by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), has raised a serious alarm for India, that nearly 52% of Indians aren't aware that they are suffering from high blood sugar.

Diabetes is a group of diseases marked by high levels of blood glucose resulting from problems in abnormalities of an enzyme called insulin. Three main types

1.Type 1 DM results from the body's failure to produce enough insulin

2.Type 2 DM begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which body fail to respond to insulin properly.

3.Gestational diabetes, is the third main form and occurs when pregnant women without a previous history of diabetes develop a high blood glucose level People with diabetes may develop serious complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, blindness, and premature death.

The cause of diabetes in India is multifactorial and includes genetic factors coupled with environmental influences such as obesity associated with rising living standards, steady urban migration, and lifestyle changes Obesity is one of the major risk factors for diabetes despite having lower overweight and obesity rates; India has a higher prevalence of diabetes compared to western countries suggesting that diabetes may occur at a much lower body mass index (BMI) in Indians compared with Europeans

Indians are genetically predisposed to the development of coronary artery disease due to dyslipidaemia and low levels of high density lipoproteins; these determinants make Indians more prone to development of the complications of diabetes at an early age (20-40 years) compared with Caucasians (>50 years) and indicate that diabetes must be carefully screened and monitored regardless of patient age within India.

Co-existing conditions and complications

1) High blood cholesterol is an independent risk in Diabetes patients

2) Heart disease and stroke=Incidence is very high in Diabetes population in compassion to general population with significant statically significant Blindness and eye problems=Patients with Diabetes have significant proportion of visual disturbances and eventually leading to blindness (loss of vision)

3) Kidney disease=Diabetes was listed as the primary cause of kidney failure Amputations About 60% of non-traumatic lower-limb amputations among people aged 20 years or older occur in people with diagnosed diabetes.

Please spread the awareness of diabetes, through which we can conquer the unconquerable

When in doubt take the first step

Never put off tomorrow what you can do today

Make hay while the suns shine

Dr Vukkala Rajesh

Consultant Physician,

Indo-US Super

Speciality Hospital,

Hyderabad

Mobile: 7702116066

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