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Bumpy road ahead for Nawaz Sharif

Bumpy road ahead for Nawaz Sharif
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The PML-N is now comfortably placed to form a coalition government; setting up an unprecedented third term as premier for Sharif Islamabad (PTI):...

The PML-N is now comfortably placed to form a coalition government; setting up an unprecedented third term as premier for Sharif

Islamabad (PTI): PML-N chief Nawaz Sharif has made a triumphant return to the centre stage of Pakistani politics at a time when the country is bedevilled by immense problems ranging from a tanking economy, corruption to Taliban insurgency.

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Thirteen years after he was removed as premier, arrested and humiliatingly sent into exile to Saudi Arabia, Sharif has declared victory in the historic general elections.

In many ways, analysts say, Sharif's return reflects the slow and steady maturing of democracy and politics in Pakistan, which has been run by the military for more than half of its 66-year history.

And it is Sharif's relationship with the powerful military, which sets the agenda for foreign and security policies, that will largely determine the country's future.

The PML-N is set to bag over 125 of the 272 parliamentary seats for which polls were held on Saturday, with the party performing better than expected in the face of a last minute surge by Imran Khan's Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaf.

The PML-N is now comfortably placed to form a coalition government, setting up an unprecedented third term as premier for Sharif. A Sharif is set to return to power at a time when Pakistan is facing several major challenges, including growing extremism, a strong Taliban presence in the country's northwest, rampant corruption, uneasy relations with the US ahead of the withdrawal of foreign forces from war-torn Afghanistan and an economy that has virtually been in free fall for the past few years.

He has already made it clear that he intends to take up India-Pakistan relations from where he had left them when he was ousted from power in 1999. After conducting nuclear tests in response to India's atomic blasts in 1998, Sharif had worked with his then Indian counterpart Atal Bihari Vajpayee to improve relations.

Talking to the media on Saturday night, Sharif said he worked hard for a detente with New Delhi before Musharraf deposed him. "We'll pick the threads where we left. We want to move toward better relations with India, to resolve the remaining issues through peaceful means, including that of Kashmir," he said.

Sharif has shown that he is willing to work with other political forces to deal with these issues, saying last night that all parties should sit with the PML-N to find ways to tackle Pakistan's pressing problems. In recent days, he has also called for peace talks withthe Pakistani Taliban, blamed for killing scores during the election campaign.

CHALLENGES IN A NUTSHELL

  • Problems range from fiscal crisis, corruption to Taliban insurgency
  • Growing extremism; strong Taliban in northwest
  • Rampant corruption, uneasy relations with the US due to drone strikes and ahead of US pullout from Afghanistan
  • Improving relations with India
  • Keeping his promise to make democracy stronger
  • Handling of inter-provincial relations; Imran party secures restive northwestern province of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa PPP is set to form government in southern Sindh province.
  • Funding populist schemes such as laptops to students, giving away new taxis, introducing bullet trains and erecting major highways.
  • Cycle of low growth and rising inflation and high unemployment
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