How to write the report of an engg project
Your project report should be written like a story, interesting to read and understand. Acknowledge the sources from where the information is gathered ...
Your project report should be written like a story, interesting to read and understand. Acknowledge the sources from where the information is gathered Dr N V Ramana Rao Create alternative solutions: There are always many good possibilities for solving design problems. If you focus on just one before looking at the alternatives, it is almost certain that you are overlooking a better solution. When creating alternative solutions: Don't settle for your first idea! Good engineers try to generate as many possible solutions as they can before choosing the one that they feel is the best. This creative process of developing ideas is called ideation. Methods of ideation include: Examining existing solutions Creating and using analogies Conducting brainstorming sessions Sketching and doodling Choose the best solution: Look at whether each possible solution meets your project requirements. Some solutions probably meet more requirements than others. Reject solutions that do not meet the requirements. Develop the solution: Development involves the refinement and improvement of a solution, and it continues throughout the project. The goals of development work are to: Make it work. Reduce risk. Optimise success. The design process involves multiple loops and circles around your final solution. You will likely test your solution�find problems and make changes�test your new solution�find new problems and make changes�and so on, before settling on a final design. Build a prototype: A prototype is an operating version of a solution. Often it is made with different materials than the final version, and generally it is not as polished. Prototypes are a key step in the development of a final solution, allowing the engineer to test how the solution will work. At this point, you have created prototypes of your alternative solutions, tested those prototypes, and chosen your final design. So you're probably thinking that your project is finished. But in fact, you have yet to complete the final and most important phase of the engineering design project�test and redesign. Test and redesign: The project involves multiple loops and circles around your final solution. You will likely test your solution -- find problems and make changes -- test your new solution -- find new problems and make changes -- and so on, before settling on a final design. Communicate results: To complete your project, communicate your results to others in a final report and/or a display board. Professional engineers always do the same, thoroughly documenting their solutions so that they can be discussed and supported. Writing a project report Your project report should be written like a story, interesting to read and understand. Adhere to the university standard format or style. Use the right word to convey the right meaning. You have to develop the vocabulary, you cannot use general words. Some points to remember while writing a project report: Acknowledge the source from where material or information is borrowed. Acknowledging the sources of reference enhances your own credibility. Describe the benefit to society of your project work. Be sure your grammar is correct if not perfect. Ensure every word is correctly spelled. Your project report is not based on its weight, volume or size. Be brief and avoid concentrating on too many details and minor issues. Use easily legible fonts and use generous margins. Proof read your project report before you submit. Submit your project report on time. There is no use submitting a project report late and getting disqualified. Plan your time well for various activities involved in a project work. Have a well defined timetable for completion of the project. A project report is intended to convince others that you have done a worthwhile project and that you have the competence to do it. Ethics for Engineering students Engineering is an important and learned profession. As members of this profession, engineers are expected to exhibit the highest standards of honesty and integrity. Engineering has a direct and vital impact on the quality of life for all people. Accordingly, the services provided by engineers require honesty, impartiality, fairness, and equity, and must be dedicated to the protection of the public health, safety, and welfare. Engineers must perform under a standard of professional behavior that requires adherence to the highest principles of ethical conduct. Second of the three-part series on how to do a good engineering project. (The writer is registrar and professor in Civil Engineering, JNTU Hyderabad)