London : The characteristic black and white striped fur of zebras do not help the animals stay cool in the hot sun, according to a study that refutes a belief that dates back to Darwin. Ongoing discussion among researchers on why zebras have their signature black and white stripes suggests that it keeps them cool in the sunshine The black stripes get warmer than the white areas, and the theory states that this creates small vortexes when the hotter air above the dark fur meets the cooler air above the white fur.
According to the theory these vortexes works as a fan to cool the body. To test this theory, researchers from Lund University in Sweden filled big metal barrels with water and covered them with skin imitations in different colours: black and white stripes, black, white, brown and grey. They then placed the barrels in the sun and later measured the temperature in each barrel. The black one was the hottest and the white one the coolest. The striped and grey barrels were similar, and in these the temperature did not go down.
Eight years ago she and her colleagues from Hungary and Spain presented another theory, where they claim that bright fur works as an optical protection against blood-sucking horseflies and other insects that bite. Horseflies are attracted by polarised light, the sort of light that appears when sunbeams are reflected on a dark surface.