Are migraines and headaches common in children?
Are migraines and headaches common in children?

Childhood headaches are not uncommon. Similar to adults, children also experience strong bouts of headaches like migraines or tension type headaches like migraines or tension type headaches induced by stress or chronic headaches which occur daily. Some cases of migraine occur due to a pre existing conditions like an infection, head injury/ trauma etc.

Symptoms 
Children experience the same kind of headaches like adults, but display different symptoms. Adults experience migraine for more than four hours, whereas a child’s headaches may last than four hours. 

Some symptoms are as follows 
A pounding, throbbing or a pulsating sensation in the head

The ache gets worse when the child is exerted 

Vomiting and nausea

Pain in the abdomen 

Sensitivity to varying degrees of light and sound

In some cases, infants too have migraines and they convey it through crying and some children hold their heads as an indication of the harsh pain. 

Causes 
The factors responsible for childhood headaches are as follows: 
Infections and illness 
Head injury or trauma 
Psychological factors 
Certain beverages and foods 
Brain problems 
Genetic factors 

Children of any age are susceptible to headaches. However, it is commonly witnessed in girls who have matured, in children with family history of migraines or headaches and in older teenagers.

Treatment 
The treatment of childhood headaches is initiated with changes in lifestyle and usage of OTC ( over the counter) medicines. When a healthy child suffers from headaches, it is considered a mere symptom which needs no further investigation. In some cases, scans and further evaluation is done to eliminate other medical conditions which may be the cause of the headache. The tests used are MRI, CT scan and spinal Tap, also known as lumbar puncture.

Normally, a child may get some relief from the headache with some rest at home and a silent environment, accomplished with a diet of balanced nutritious meals, lots of fluids and pain killers. An older child can be taught medication to ease stress. Some therapies used for biofeedback training relation training and CBT, also known as cognitive Behavioural therapy. Alternate treatments involve massages and acupuncture.


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