Sugar disease growing at alarming rate in India: Metropolis Study

Sugar disease growing at alarming rate in India: Metropolis Study

Metropolis Healthcare – the pathology specialists and multinational chain of diagnostic centres conducted a comprehensive analysis of over 10,21,352 samples that were processed for fasting blood sugar for over the last three years.

Ø 60 % of men & 51 % of women in the age group of 20-80 years are worst affected

Hyderabad/Mumbai: Metropolis Healthcare – the pathology specialists and multinational chain of diagnostic centres conducted a comprehensive analysis of over 10,21,352 samples that were processed for fasting blood sugar for over the last three years.

The in-depth analysis revealed that over 60% of all samples from male and 51% of samples from female were diabetic. In addition, over 28% of the samples analysed from children between the age group 0-12 was found to be diabetic.

Age Group / Category


Total Sample Size


0-12 (Juvenile )




Male (20 -80 & Above)




Female (20 -80 & Above)




(As per American Diabetes Association Guidelines 2014, Normal :< 100, Impaired Tolerance: 100- 125, Diabetes Mellitus: >=126)

Commenting on the study
Dr. Sonali Kolte, General Manager, Medico Marketing
said, “India is already infamous as the diabetic capital of the world and the incidence is increasing due to various factors, such as unhealthy eating habits, lack of physical activity, family history and stress. Diabetes is a lifelong condition and requires regular monitoring. People with diabetes are susceptible to kidney dysfunction,
cardiovascular diseases, neurological problems and much more. Hence Diabetics need to undergo regular tests and monitoring to ensure that all their vital parameters are normal’’

According to statistics from International Diabetes Federation, India Chapter around 65.1 million people in 2015 are affected with diabetes compared to 50.8 million in 2010. It is expected to reach around 69.9 million by 2025.
There are three types of diabetes:
1. Type 1 Diabetes - The body does not produce insulin. Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are type 1. A healthy eating plan, adequate exercise, and insulin intake can lead a normal life.
2. Type 2 Diabetes -In type 2 diabetes your body does not use insulin properly. This is called insulin resistance. At first, your pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it. But, over time it isn't able to keep up and can't make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose at normal levels. Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are of this type. It often results from excess body weight and physical inactivity. Healthy diet, regular physical activity, maintaining a normal body weight and avoiding tobacco use can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes.
3. Gestational Diabetes
- This type affects females during pregnancy,usually around the 24th week – many women develop gestational diabetes. A diagnosis of gestational
diabetes doesn't mean that you had diabetes before you conceived, or that you will have diabetes after giving birth. When you have gestational diabetes, your pancreas works overtime to produce insulin, but the insulin does not lower your blood glucose levels. Although insulin does not cross the placenta, glucose and other nutrients do. So extra blood glucose goes through the placenta, giving the baby high blood glucose levels. This causes the baby's pancreas to make extra insulin to get rid of the blood glucose. Since the baby is getting more energy than it needs to grow and develop, the extra energy is stored as fat. This can lead to macrosomia, or a "fat" baby. Babies with macrosomia face health problems of their own, including damage to their shoulders during birth.
With type 1 diabetes, the symptoms usually happen quickly, in a matter of days or a few weeks. They're much more severe, too. The most common diabetes symptoms include frequent urination, intense thirst and hunger, weight gain, unusual weight loss, fatigue, cuts and bruises that do not heal male sexual dysfunction, numbness and tingling in hands and feet. It is advisable to get your blood & urine checks done immediately, if you suffer from any of the above symptoms.

Treatment for all types of diabetes is available. Diabetes type 1 lasts a lifetime, there is no known cure. Type 2 usually lasts a lifetime; however, some people have managed to get rid of their symptoms without medication, through a combination of exercise, diet and body weight control. If diabetes is not adequately controlled the patient has a significantly higher risk of developing complications related to cardiovascular diseases, neurological problems and many more.

Being overweight, physically inactive and eating the wrong foods all contribute to the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. If you are overweight or obese, you are at greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes,alterations of hormones such as leptin, cortisol, adiponectin involved in food intake can lead to obesity. It is important to check these hormones if you are obese or overweight. Obesity appears to spreading across India in part at least as a result of processed Western food. India’s economic boom has been accompanied by a meteoric increase in the number of people with diabetes.

Even if the prevalence of obesity remains stable until 2030, which seems unlikely, it is anticipated that the number of people with diabetes will more than double as a consequence of population aging and urbanization.

In association with increasing diabetes prevalence, mortality will inevitably result in increasing proportions of deaths from cardiovascular disease, as well as increased prevalence and associated consequences of other complications of diabetes. A concerted initiative is required to address the diabetes epidemic.

About Metropolis
At Metropolis, what we believe is what we say and what we say is what we do. Being empathetic to our customers and being committed to their needs is in our DNA. Metropolis has grown to harness a culture that is open, synergistic, progressive and scientific in nature.

We are the Pathology Specialists delivering over 30 million tests a year, catering to more than 20,000 Laboratories, Hospitals, Nursing homes and 2,00,000 doctors. With 34 years of experience in delivering accurate reports, Metropolis has earned the reputation of being India's most respected and only multinational chain of diagnostic centres with presence in UAE, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Kenya, Mauritius and Ghana.

Driven to make a difference, our wide network includes 130 state-of-art Laboratories with over 1000 collection centres, processing over 4500 varieties of tests and supported by an efficient team of more than 3500 people. Equipped with cutting edge technology, innovative work equipment, expansive logistics network and rigorous processes, Metropolis ensures and delivers precision and accuracy in every single test; each time, every time.

Over the past two decades, Metropolis has expanded into new service lines like Clinical Trials, Hospital Lab Management, Home Health Services, Preventive Health Check-ups and Corporate & Wellness Solutions. Metropolis is at the forefront in adopting cutting edge technologies and services that contribute new revenue streams and has positioned the company on the pedestal it is today.
Today, we are one of the few laboratories that has received the CAP (College of American Pathologists), accreditation, the global gold standard in Laboratory Accreditation. We have also received the NABL Accreditation (National Accreditation Board for testing and Calibration Laboratories). In addition, we also adhere to
(Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments) program and follow the guidelines laid by GCLP. Our unit in South Africa is accredited by SANAS (South African National Accreditation System is the only accreditation body approved by South African Government).

At Metropolis, we believe in unveiling the inner health of individuals and this motto extends to our corporate social responsibility activities as well. Giving back to the society is embedded in the value system of Metropolis and we believe and aim to bring about a positive change in the nation. Metropolis has been at the forefront in conducting impactful camps and driving numerous workshops for different sections of the society for the past 3 decades. We partner with societies, corporates, educational institutions, government bodies, NGOs, wellness foundations and a host of other organisations to make a difference to the lives we touch. Our camps and awareness workshops emphasize on preventive healthcare and early screening of diseases. Some of our most recent associations include
Epilepsy Foundation, Hep Free India, Mumbai Traffic Police, Kishori Foundation, Children of Blind School
and JeevanJyot Cancer Trust.

Metropolis has been awarded numerous accolades like the ‘Best Diagnostic Company of the year’ by Modern Medicare in 2006 and
‘Best Diagnostic Company of the Year’
in 2010 by Frost & Sullivan. Metropolis was also bestowed with ‘Best IT Integration in Customer Service Management’ at the e-Health World Expo 2011. Metropolis was also honoured with the ‘Quality Brand Award’ by NEHRDO in 2012. Metropolis won the ‘CMO Asia Award’ for Best IT practices in Healthcare in 2012. Metropolis recently bagged the
‘India’s most promising brand award’
at Global Indian Excellence Summit 2014 held in London. Metropolis also won the acclaimed Emerging Companies Excellence Award hosted by Business Today in 2014. In 2015 Metropolis won the Best Diagnostic Company Award
at the National Awards for Excellence in Healthcare hosted by CMO Asia. Metropolis also won the Best Diagnostic Service Provider Award hosted by VC Circle.

Metropolis Healthcare is led by Ameera Shah, Promoter, Managing Director & CEO. An International & National award winner, Ms. Shah was conferred with ‘The Young entrepreneur of the Year Award’
by GE in 2006 and ‘The Young Achiever of the Year Award’ at the CMO Asia Awards in 2011. She was also the recipient of the prestigious ‘Young Entrepreneur of the Year Award’ in 2011 organized by Entrepreneur India and Bloomberg. She has been honored with ‘Exemplary Women Leadership award’ at the World Women Leadership and Congress awards 2014. She has been chosen as one of the most respected leaders under 40 years by Economic Times & Spencer Stuart (2014). Recently Forbes Asia listed Ms. Shah in the Asia’s Most Powerful Women 2015 for powering the rise of Metropolis Healthcare and brining a significant shift in the diagnostics industry. Ms Shah has also been featured in the acclaimed ‘Young Global Leader’ list brought out by the prestigious ‘World Economic Forum’ in 2015.
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