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Indonesia picks its new capital city in Borneo island as Jakarta sinks into the Java Sea

Indonesia picks its new capital city in Borneo island as Jakarta sinks into the Java Sea
Highlights

Indonesia has announced plans to move its capital from the climate-threatened megalopolis of Jakarta to the sparsely populated island of Borneo, which is home to some of the world’s greatest tropical rainforests.

Worries over the manageability of the clogged and quickly sinking political focus of Jakarta incited the requirement for another capital. The migration was reported Monday by President Joko Widodo.

The proposed area, close to the moderately immature urban areas of Balikpapan and Samarinda, is a long ways from the packed powerhouse which has filled in as Indonesia's money related heart since 1949 - and Widodo recognized that moving the nation's funding to the island will be a mammoth and costly endeavor.

In any case, Jakarta's quick extension as of late has introduced horde natural, financial and wellbeing concerns, inciting the administration to look somewhere else and facilitate the strain on the monstrous city.

"As an enormous country that has been autonomous for a long time, Indonesia has never picked its own capital," Widodo said in a broadcast discourse, AFP detailed. "The weight Jakarta is holding right presently is excessively overwhelming as the focal point of administration, business, fund, exchange and administrations."

Gliding houses on Mahakam stream in Samarinda, close to the site of the new capital.

The aggressive task to move the capital will probably cost around 486 trillion rupiah ($34 billion), sources in Indonesia announced, and authorities have recently said the migration could take around 10 years.

Jakarta is home to in excess of 10 million individuals, as per the United Nations, with an expected 30 million in the more noteworthy metropolitan zone - making it one of the world's most overpopulated urban areas.

Indonesia intends to migrate its capital from Jakarta

It's likewise one of the quickest sinking urban communities on Earth, as indicated by the World Economic Forum, dropping into the Java Sea at a disturbing rate due to over-extraction of groundwater.

The city sits on swampy ground and embraces the ocean toward the north, making it particularly inclined to flooding.

An intensifying air contamination emergency, exacerbated by close steady traffic blockage on its streets, has developed so desperate that a few occupants sued the Indonesian government in July.

No name has been given for the new site, however the administration initially reported designs to migrate the capital in April. The move requires parliamentary endorsement to be given the approval.

Indonesia possesses most of Borneo, the world's third-biggest island, with Malaysia and Brunei each holding pieces of its northern district. The island is canvassed in immense rainforests, yet it has been hit by widespread deforestation as of late.

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