How our appetite is influenced by fructose, glucose
How Our Appetite Is Influenced By Fructose, Glucose. Scientists have revealed how fructose and glucose have different effects on physiological and behavioral responses to food.
Washington: Scientists have revealed how fructose and glucose have different effects on physiological and behavioral responses to food.
To assess the different effects of the two sugars on hunger and food cue responses in the brain, Kathleen A. Page and colleagues conducted fMRI scans on 24 people who had been given drinks sweetened with fructose on one day and glucose on another day.
Participants were shown images of high-calorie foods and then reported their level of hunger and desire for the foods. Participants reported greater hunger and exhibited greater activity in the orbitofrontal cortex and visual cortex of the brain in response to the food images after ingesting fructose, compared with responses after ingesting glucose.
Further, the authors found that fructose produced a smaller plasma insulin response than glucose. When presented with a choice between delayed monetary rewards or immediate high-calorie food rewards, participants displayed greater willingness to give up monetary rewards for food rewards after ingesting fructose than after ingesting glucose. The results suggest that ingestion of fructose may not produce the same satiety effects as glucose, according to the authors.
Due to differences in metabolism, fructose may enhance the reward value of high-calorie food and promote eating, compared with glucose.