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Two-state solution

Two-state solution
Highlights

The United States supports the two-state solution to the decades-long Israeli-Palestinian conflict, said America’s top diplomat to the United Nations,...

The United States supports the two-state solution to the decades-long Israeli-Palestinian conflict, said America’s top diplomat to the United Nations, Nikki Haley. “First of all, the two-state solution is what we support. Anybody that wants to say the United States does not support the two-state solution -- that would be an error,” she told reporters on Thursday.

The UN envoy for the Middle East peace process, Nickolay Mladenov, told the Security Council on Thursday that the “two-state solution” remains "the only way" to achieve peace between Israelis and Palestinian Arabs. The council met a day after President Donald Trump asserted he would not necessarily push for a two-state solution as part of a final peace deal. The boundary between the two states is still subject to dispute and negotiation, with Palestinian and Arab leadership insisting on the "1967 borders", which is not accepted by Israel.

Vox.com states that the "two-state solution" would create an independent Israel and Palestine, and is the mainstream approach to resolving the conflict. The idea is that Israelis and Palestinians want to run their countries differently; Israelis want a Jewish state, and Palestinians want a Palestinian one. Because neither side can get what it wants in a joined state, the only possible solution that satisfies everyone involves separating Palestinians and Israelis.

The "one-state solution" would merge Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip into one big country. It comes in two versions. One, favored by some leftists and Palestinians, would create a single democratic country. Arab Muslims would outnumber Jews, thus ending Israel as a Jewish state. The other version, favored by some rightists and Israelis, would involve Israel annexing the West Bank and either forcing out Palestinians or denying them the right to vote.

Virtually the entire world, including most Zionists, rejects this option as an unacceptable human rights violation. Most polling suggests that both Israelis and Palestinians prefer a two-state solution. However, the inability of Israelis and Palestinians to come to two-state terms has led to a recent surge in interest in a one-state solution, partly out of a sense of hopelessness and partly out of fear that if the sides cannot negotiate a two-state solution, a de facto one-state outcome will be inevitable, explains Vox.com

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