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What is NEET?

What is NEET?
Highlights

President Pranab Mukherjee has cleared an ordinance that allows state boards to skip the uniform medical entrance examination, NEET, for a year. The...

The Supreme Court has refused to conduct an urgent hearing to stay the Centre’s ordinance that sought to defer the National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET), the common entrance test for medical courses.

Earlier, President Pranab Mukherjee has cleared an ordinance that allows state boards to skip the uniform medical entrance examination, NEET, for a year. The ordinance is aimed at ‘partially’ overturning the Supreme Court order.

The NEET was initially proposed in this year however, due to several reasons, CBSE and Medical Council of India (MCI) delayed by a year. The NEET was notified by the MCI in 2013 for admission to MBBS, BDS and PG medical courses across the country. NEET is only for medical courses. The MCI notification was struck down by the Supreme Court as some petitioners alleged violation of the rights of minority institutions.

However, the apex court recalled the 2013 judgment and allowed the conduct of NEET from this academic year, two days ahead of AIPMT on May 1, which is to be considered as NEET Phase I. The Supreme Court said the NEET would be held in two phases: NEET-I that was held on May 1, and NEET-II to be held on July 24. Students have not applied for NEET-I can give NEET-II. The combined results of the two tests are to be announced on August 17.

Some States urged the Court to allow the common national test from 2017-18 academic year. Besides, pointing out some implementation difficulties, they drew its attention to the disadvantage that would be caused to non-CBSE candidates due to syllabi differences and also as regional languages will no longer be allowed and the tests would be in English and Hindi only. Absence of regional language options meant students from non-English background would find it difficult to score well in the NEET. But, the Court turned down the plea to put off the NEET this year. With no option left, the Cabinet, taking into consideration the views of some aggrieved States with their own CETs, cleared an ordinance to postpone the NEET to 2017-18 for these States.

On May 27, the Supreme Court refrained from staying a government ordinance, which will dilute its judicial order. Even management quota seats in private medical colleges and seats in minority institutions and deemed universities will have to be filled from the merit lists of NEET.

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