Include low Glycemic Index food in your diet

Include low Glycemic Index food in your diet
Highlights

India is referred to as the diabetes capital of the world with 60 million people diagnosed with the disease where one in every two adult with diabetes goes undiagnosed. It is the fastest growing disease in the country and it is a matter of serious concern as this invariably also impacts the overall economy. 

India is referred to as the diabetes capital of the world with 60 million people diagnosed with the disease where one in every two adult with diabetes goes undiagnosed. It is the fastest growing disease in the country and it is a matter of serious concern as this invariably also impacts the overall economy.

While diabetes is a chronic medical condition, the good news is that at the pre diabetes stage, the disease can be curbed by introducing lifestyle and dietary changes. A healthy diet coupled with an active lifestyle plays a vital role in delaying the onset of the disease. Medical experts across the world encourage pre diabetics to adopt low GI (Glycemic Index) foods in their diet.

A low GI diet leads to healthy metabolism and weight management both of which effectively helps to manage blood sugar. It is thus important to elevate our understanding of what Low GI means and the role it plays in our overall wellbeing. GI is a scale that ranks food we eat by the amount of blood sugar released in the body. Protein or fiber rich foods have low GI and are better regulators of blood sugar and hence an understanding of Glycemic Index helps us make healthier food choices.

The index is quite simple to understand- foods are ranked on a scale of 0 to 100. Examples of low GI foods are apple, banana, grapes, chana dal, urad dal, rajma, boiled peas, and carrots and sweet potato. Also wheat forms a major part of the Indian staple diet, replacing normal wheat flour with Low GI atta helps in managing diabetes. (The author is a DM in Endocrinology, Apollo Medical Centre, Bangalore.)

By Dr Shivprasad C

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