Depletion of groundwater table sets alarm bells ringing in Khammam
Groundwater table is fast depleting in Khammam district because of over-exploitation in both urban and rural areas.
Khammam: Groundwater table is fast depleting in Khammam district because of over-exploitation in both urban and rural areas.
The groundwater levels have dipped to critical level of 12 metres in Khammam rural mandals such as Kamepalli, Sattupalli, Penuballi, Thallada, Kallur and Enkoor.
For 40 years the groundwater table was stable in the villages such as Chintagurthy, Ganeshwaram and Shivaigudem under the Khammam Rural mandal. But this year, in January itself acute water scarcity has arisen as groundwater plummeted.
In Enkoor mandal, the people in Nacharam, Thimmaraopeta, Kesupalli, Jannaram, Yerrabodu and Repalliwada are facing severe water scarcity for the last 15 days.
Over the last few years several regions in the district have already seen rapid urbanisation, eventually replacing the soil layer with cement or concrete.
Experts blamed the rapid urbanisation, drilling of borewells are the reasons for depletion of groundwater table. They warned that if this trend continues, the dip in groundwater table may render the land barren in the years to come.
The need of the hour is to reduce or possible stop over-exploitation of groundwater, the experts added.
Sattupalli MLA Sandra Venkata Veeraiah said the fall in groundwater levels in different parts of the district is an indication that the water scarcity during peak summer months is likely to be more acute than anticipated unless the district administration takes pre-emptive measures.
He urged the government to find a permanent solution for the drinking water shortage in Khammam district along with improving the quality of water supplied through water authority pipelines.
The District Panchayat Officer Srinivas Reddy at a recent meeting with Panchayat officers directed the latter to take all measures to ensure that there is drinking water scarcity. The Panchyat officers were asked to take action against those who are selling water. He said the 14th Financial Commission funds to the tune Rs 24 crore is available to ease water scarcity.
Superintending Engineer of Rural Water Supply Department Srinivas said in many towns, including the district headquarters, drinking water is supplied on alternate days or once in two or three days keeping in view of ensuing peak summer. He said measures were taken to provide water to hilly areas where people belonging to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes live.