Employment Pattern in Bangaru Telangana

Employment Pattern in Bangaru Telangana
Highlights

District wise Per Capita Income (PCI) analysis is done using data related to 2014-15 at current prices. The per capita income of the State, for year 2014-15, is 1.29 lakh.

District-wise Per Capita 2014-15:

District wise Per Capita Income (PCI) analysis is done using data related to 2014-15 at current prices. The per capita income of the State, for year 2014-15, is 1.29 lakh. District-wise analysis shows that Hyderabad district has highest per capita income with Rs 3.03 lakh followed by Rangareddy and Medak districts. Warangal district has the lowest per capita income of Rs 78,996 followed by Nizamabad, Mahabubnagar and Adilabad (see Figure 2.4).

Employment Pattern in Telangana

Along with the structural changes in the economy, a corresponding change is observed in the employment pattern of the too. Over a period of time, there has been a shift of employment from primary to the secondary and to the tertiary sectors, both in terms of output and employment. However, the shift in employment is not as rapid as changes observed in sectoral output.

Source: 'District-wise Employment-Unemployment Scenario in Telangana- 2013-14' Labour Bureau of Chandigarh, Ministry of Labour & Employment, Government of India,

The share of agriculture sector in total GSDP has been declining steeply as compared to decline in employment in agriculture sector. As per the 2011-12 prices, agriculture & allied activities share in total GVA was 12.9 percent, whereas about 55.6 percent of total workforce are dependent on it. Further, the share of services sector in total GVA is 60.5 percent, but it is providing employment to 26.6 percent workforce only. Industry sector which is contributing about 26.7 percent to GVA of the State while 17.8 percent of total workforce is depending on this sector for employment (Figure 2.5). Though the urban areas have seen a greater diversification in terms of employment over a period of time, the majority of the rural areas still depends heavily on agriculture.

Unemployment Rate: The Unemployment Rate (UR) under the Usual Principal and Subsidiary Status (UPSS) among the age group 15 years and above is 2.7 percent. In rural areas, the unemployment rate is 1.1 percent, whereas in urban areas it is 6.6 percent indicating that unemployment in urban areas is much higher than the rural areas (see Table 2.4).

It is also noteworthy to mention here that among the age group 15-29 years, unemployment rate is estimated to be 7.7 percent under the UPSS at State level (3.8 percent in rural areas and 17.2 percent in urban areas). This indicates that youth unemployment is one of the major concerns at the present juncture, especially in urban areas.

Table 2.4: Labour Force Participation Rate, Worker Participation Rate and Unemployment Rate in Telangana, 2013-14

Description

Rural

Urban

Total

Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR)

75.7

51.8

66.8

Worker Participation Rate (WPR)

74.8

48.4

65

Unemployment Rate

1.1

6.6

2.7

Source: 'District-wise Employment-Unemployment Scenario in Telangana- 2013-14' Labour Bureau of Chandigarh, Ministry of Labour & Employment, Government of India,

Labour Force Participation Rate: As per the 'Report on Employment-Unemployment Scenario published by the Labour Bureau, Ministry of Labour & Employment, Government of India, is about 66.8 percent of the working age population in Telangana State is either working or seeking for work in 2013-14. In other words, the Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR) in the State is 66.8 percent under Usual Principal and Subsidiary Status (UPSS). In case of rural areas, the LFPR is 75.7 percent, whereas in urban areas, it is 51.8 percent.

Worker Participation Rate: The Worker Participation Rate (WPR under the UPSS is estimated to be 65 percent. It is higher in rural areas (74.8 percent) than that of urban areas (48.4 percent).

Nature of employment: In terms of nature of employment, 45.8 percent of the total workforce is reported to be self-employed; 35.4 percent as casual labour and about 16.1 percent as wage/salaried earners and about 2.7 percent as contract workers (based on UPSS). Area wise analysis shows that, largest number of workforce (48.8 percent) is reported to be self-employed in rural areas, whereas majority of the workforce in urban areas is working as wage-salaried (see Figure 2.6).

District-wise Employment Situation: The District wise employment situation among the age group 15 years and above in the State reveals that LFPR is highest in Karimnagar at 74.4 percent, followed by Mahabubnagar at 73.9 percent, whereas it is lowest in Hyderabad with 48.8 followed by Warangal with 65.6 percent. The LFPR in urban is comparatively lower than the rural areas. District-wise analysis of unemployment situation indicates that unemployment rate is too high in the urban areas. Hyderabad district has highest unemployment rate among all the districts.

G.Rajendera Kumar

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