Kolkata: Researchers at IIT Kharagpur have developed a decision support system to diagnose malignant and other diseased tissues in the lungs. The system has been developed by the researchers of the Department of Electronics and Electrical Communications engineering of the premier institute. Lead researcher Sudipta Mukhopadhyay was quoted having said in an IIT KGP statement, "Biopsy especially in the lungs is a critical process, hence conducted only after initial medical analysis is done by expert radiologists.
IIT KGP researchers develop tools to diagnose lung diseases
"The developed system uses non-invasive and comparatively affordable methods of image analysis that would aid the radiologists to identify malignancy by reading growth in the lung nodules." The other system will help identify interstitial disease patterns in HRCT (High-Resolution Computed Tomography) images depicting the lung tissue texture, Mukhopadhyay said. Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD) broadly describes a diverse collection of more than 200 lung disorders while tomography is a method of producing a three-dimensional image of the internal structures of a solid object such as the human body.
"We have successfully tested both software systems at AIIMS Delhi....Currently our success rate is higher than 80 per cent in identifying both cases. We are working towards further improvements in order to conduct clinical trials on bigger sample sizes," another researcher Mandar Kale said. The research has been reported in more than 13 international journals and 19 international conferences through its various stages of progress, the statement said.