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Solid Waste Management in Bangaru Telangana
By utilizing the 12th Finance Commission Grant, all the ULBs (except newly constituted) have procured necessary infrastructure, i.e., Vehicles for door-to-door collection and transportation of waste, land for processing and disposal of wastes, development of compost yards (laying of internal roads, compound walls, sheds and greenbelt development etc) for Municipal Solid Waste Management.
Municipal Solid Waste Management:
By utilizing the 12th Finance Commission Grant, all the ULBs (except newly constituted) have procured necessary infrastructure, i.e., Vehicles for door-to-door collection and transportation of waste, land for processing and disposal of wastes, development of compost yards (laying of internal roads, compound walls, sheds and greenbelt development etc) for Municipal Solid Waste Management. After being introduced innovative MSWM initiatives i.e., Parichayam (Know your Worker), Pinpoint Program, Wall writings on details of sanitary staff , involvement of all stakeholders in the community, i.e., RWAs, SHGs, NGO, Students, Senior citizens etc., a remarkable change is witnessed in Sanitation and Solid Waste Management conditions in the State.
Some ULBs, viz., Miryalguda, Tandur, Suryapet, Jagityal, and Warangal Corporation are striving to achieve zero garbage towns (there is no waste left for land filling status). Miryalguda and Tandur Municipalities have converted their waste processing sites into beautiful Parks in which people are spending their leisure time.
Apart from the above, the Warangal Corporation, Jagityal, Suryapet, Bhogir, Nalgonda, Kodad and Adilabad Municipalities have started composting of organic waste.
Waste to Energy Projects:
Two waste to Energy projects,
1) M/s Shalivahana (MSW) Green Energy Ltd, Karimnagar and
2) M/s Hema Sri Power Projects Ltd, Suryapet were permitted in the State. In the above, M/s Shalivahana (MSW) Green Energy Ltd has commenced its operations and started waste processing and power generation since April 2011 at Rebladevpally (V), Sultanabad (M), Karimnagar (Dist) by collecting waste from 18 allocated ULBs in Warangal Region. The M/s Hema Sri Power Projects Ltd has completed 80% of construction work, but not yet commenced the activities.
There is a positive change in sanitation and solid waste management conditions with the implementation of MSWM Rules, 2000 and release of 12th FC grants for all ULBs in the State. Training and Capacity Building programs were conducted to all categories of personnel i.e. PH workers to Municipal Commissioners and public representatives, i.e. Ward Members/Corporators to Chairpersons/Mayors on Solid Waste Management through EPTRI.
The following are some of the achievements made by the ULBs by implementing Solid Waste Management, Rules, 2000.
1. Five ULBs, namely Tandur, Miryalguda, Warangal, Siricilla, and Jagityal, have achieved 100% door to door collection and 50% segregation of waste in their ULBs.
2. In all remaining ULBs, (except GHMC) effective door to door collection of waste is happening at above 80% and, thereby most of the ULBs have removed garbage bins.
3. 13th FC grants were permitted to take up processing and disposal waste under PPP mode in all ULBs of the State. The Newly constituted ULBs were permitted to procure primary collection vehicles i.e., Tricycles, Autos, and Tractors etc., under these grants.
4. Amounts were sanctioned to construct Slaughter Houses, where slaughterhouses are not available.
II. SWACHH BHARAT – SWACHH TELANGANA
The Govt of India has launched the flagship program Swachh Bharat Mission with the vision of ensuring hygiene, waste management and sanitation across the nation as a tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary to be celebrated in the year 2019. Keeping in view of the above guidelines, the Government of Telangana is committed to making all the cities & towns open defecation free, totally become clean, sanitized, healthy, liveable, ensuring and sustaining good public health for all the citizens under Swachh Bharath- Swachh Telangana programme.
SBM PROPOSAL: The Components under Swachh Bharat Mission
1.Construction of New Individual Household toilets,
2. Construction Community toilets,
3.Construction Public toilets
4.Solid waste management
5.IEC & Public Awareness
6.Capacity building and Administrative & Office Expenses (A&OE).
A financial proposal of Rs 954.53 Cr for 5 years (GoI share Rs 244.20 Cr) is submitted to MoUD Govt of India along with the concept note on State Sanitation Strategy. Basing on the census 2011 totally 334630 Individual Households toilets are proposed in 68 ULBs in 5 years with estimated cost Rs. 501.95 Cr (@15000/- per unit).
The GoI provides a share @ Rs.4000/- per unit and the State Government is providing its share @Rs.8000/- per unit as incentive and total of Rs.12000/- per unit is provided to the beneficiary for construction of new individual toilet. 1038 Community toilet units are proposed at estimated cost of Rs 33.74 Cr for which GoI share is Rs.13.49 Cr (40%) and rest of Rs. 20.25 Cr shall be borne by State and ULB. Solid Waste Management components are estimated at Rs.325.4 Cr. and Central share is Rs.65.08 Cr (@20% VGF/Grant) under the Swachh Bharat Mission 260.32 Cr will be mobilized under PPP mode.
Amount earmarked for Capacity building is Rs.7.91 Cr. and IEC Rs.31.85 Cr. to be an integral part of the Swachh Bharat Mission and program for Telangana would name as Swachh Bharat - Swachh Telangana
Progress achieved so far:
New Individual Household Toilets completed: 14508, target is set to complete 30000 by 31st March 2016
No. of Community Toilets completed: 05 Nos. Target is set to complete 10 community toilets by 31st March 2016.
No. of public toilets completed: 139 seats (85 seats (17 Blocks) + 54 Urinals in GHMC. Identification of places and agencies are under progress. Target is set to complete 30 public toilets by 31st March 2016.
Open Defecation Free wards: Out of 1961 wards in the ULBs of the State, 337 wards have been declared as open defecation free wards.
IV. SCSP: Out of B.E 2015-16 provisions of Rs.6176.00 Lakhs an amount of Rs.3088.00
Lakhs has been released so far. Out of targeted works of 971, 264 works have been completed and out of 15,000 individuals household toilets, 6995 toilets were constructed to SC beneficiaries. A total no. of 72,566 SCs were benefited.
V. TSP: Out of B.E 2015-16 provisions of Rs.3736.00 Lakhs an amount of Rs.1868.00
Lakhs has been released so far. Out of targeted works of 549 in ST localities, 149 works have been completed and out of 936 individuals household toilets, 743 toilets were constructed to ST beneficiaries. A total no. of 46,198 STs were benefited.
G. Rajendera Kumar