Very few countries and societies have come close to achieving good governance in its totality. However, to ensuresustainable human development, actions must be taken to work towards this ideal with the aim of making it a reality. 

“Governance" means: the process of best decision-making and effective implementation of decisions. Governance is the process of cisionmaking and the process by which decisions are implemented, an analysis of governance focuses on the formal and informal actors involved in decision-making. Good Governance Good governance is an ideal which is difficult to achieve in its totality.

Very few countries and societies have come close to achieving good governance in its totality. However, to ensuresustainable human development, actions must be taken to work towards this ideal with the aim of making it a reality.

Good governance has 8 major characteristics. That is 1. Participatory 2. Consensus oriented 3. Accountable 4. Transparent 5. Responsive 6. Effective and efficient 7. Equitable and 8. Inclusive and follows the rule of law It assures that corruption is minimized, the views of minorities are taken into account and that the voices of the most vulnerable in society are heard in decisionmaking.

It is also responsive to the present and future needs of society. Participation Participation by both men and women is a key cornerstone of good governance. Participation could be either direct or through legitimate intermediate institutions or representatives. Consensus oriented Good governance requires mediation of the different interests in society to reach a broad consensus in society on what is in the best interest of the whole community and how this can be achieved. It also requires a broad and long-term perspective on what is needed for sustainable human development and how to achieve the goals of such development. Accountability Accountability is a key requirement of good governance.

Not only governmental institutions but also the private sector and civil society organizations must be accountable to the public and to their institutional stakeholders. In general an organization or an institution is accountable to those who will be affected by its decisions or actions. Accountability cannot be enforced without transparency and the rule of law. Transparency Transparency means that decisions taken and their enforcement are done in a manner that follows rules and regulations. It also means that information is freely available and directly accessible to those who will be affected by such decisions and their enforcement. It also means that enough information is provided and that it is provided in easily understandable forms and media.

Responsiveness Good governance requires that institutions and processes try to serve all stakeholders within a reasonable timeframe. Effectiveness and efficiency: Good governance means that processes and institutions produce results that meet the needs of society while making the best use of resources at their disposal. The concept of efficiency in the context of good governance also covers the sustainable use of natural resources and the protection of the environment. Equity and inclusiveness A society’s wellbeing depends on ensuring that all its members feel that they have a stake in it and do not feel excluded from the mainstream of society. Rule of law Good governance requires fair legal frameworks that are enforced impartially. It also requires full protection of human rights, particularly those of minorities.

Impartial enforcement of laws requires an independent judiciary and an impartial and incorruptible police force. Good Governance Day 25 December: Birthday of Shri AtalBihari Vajpayee Former Prime Minister of India. The Government of India has declared that 25 December, the birth anniversary of former Prime Minister AtalBihari Vajpayee, will be celebrated as Good Governance Day. The government has also decreed that 'Good Governance Day' (December 25) will be a working day (for the government). A Good Governance through e-Governance Digital India mission is going to be the Digital Inclusion for the people of India.

Technology for Justice, Technology for Better Planning & Technology for Security. It can transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy. E-Governance & e-Services revolutionised reforms will change the fate of India particularly the health, education and banking sectors. Digital Infrastructure as a Utility to Every Citizen. FLM (File Lifecycle Management System) of SAP ERP which provides automated e-Office administration or Functions for best e-Governance. It is a centralised mailing file system for day to day business operations to any business or Government.

The system works on the latest HTML5 Standard that is supported by Google Chrome and Other Browsers Enterprise Resource Planning Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) is an application of software solution providing the seamless integration of end-toend business or administrative processes which captures the real time data and runs on a centralized computing architecture “in the organisation or Government. 1. It facilitates planning of resources at the enterprise-level 2. It facilitates enterprise-wide integration of information systems, covering all functional areas 3. It Performs core corporate activities efficiently thereby leading to reduction in costs, faster business processes and better customer service E-Officebenefits: All documents/ certificates to be available on cloud/online.

High speed internet Online, authenticable service Safe and secure Cyber-space Making financial transactions electronic & cashless E-Governance Information for All Administrative workflow automation Universal Digital Literacy Broadband for all (The writer is Director, Sadhguru IAS Academy) Demystifying the Maternity Benefits Bill, 2016

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