Risk factors of prediabetes

Risk factors of prediabetes
Highlights

Individuals who regularly consume sugar-sweetened beverages such as soda, colas and other carbonated ones, and non-carbonated fruit drinks such as lemonade and fruit punch, may be at a higher risk of developing prediabetes, new research has revealed. 

Individuals who regularly consume sugar-sweetened beverages such as soda, colas and other carbonated ones, and non-carbonated fruit drinks such as lemonade and fruit punch, may be at a higher risk of developing prediabetes, new research has revealed.

Prediabetes is a condition in which blood sugar is high, but not high enough to be Type 2 diabetes. If diagnosed early, it is reversible through lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise.

"Our results suggest that high sugar-sweetened beverage intake increases the chances of developing early warning signs for Type 2 diabetes," said Nicola McKeown, Associate Professor at the Tufts University, Massachusetts in the US.

"If lifestyle changes are not made, individuals with prediabetes are on the trajectory to developing diabetes," McKeown added. The findings showed that adults who drink a can of soda per day or a median of six 12 fluid ounce servings a week are at 46 per cent higher risk of developing prediabetes.

Further, the highest consumers of sugar-sweetened beverages had nearly eight per cent higher insulin resistance scores, compared to low- or non-consumers. On the other hand, diet soda defined as low-calorie cola or other carbonated low-calorie beverages intake was found with no associations with risk for prediabetes or insulin resistance, the study said. (The findings were published in the Journal of Nutrition.)

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