30% cars in India will be automatic by 2020: Study

30% cars in India will be automatic by 2020: Study
Highlights

Maruti Suzuki’s Celerio hatchback, launched earlier this year in February has become the first Automatic Manual Transmission (AMT) equipped car launched in India with waiting period going up to 6 months.

AMT cars are cheaper and fuel efficient than conventional automatic cars and provide better acceleration

Maruti Suzuki’s Celerio hatchback, launched earlier this year in February has become the first Automatic Manual Transmission (AMT) equipped car launched in India with waiting period going up to 6 months. After the success and high demand of the vehicle, more companies are now introducing AMT equipped cars in India. Following this technology, Tata has come up with Zest AMT compact sedan (first diesel car with this technology) while Maruti has launched its second next generation Alto K10 featuring AMT. Tata is also working on AMT version of Nano which will be the most affordable AMT equipped car in India.

What is AMT?

AMT is based on an electro-hydraulic system (a combination of hydraulic mechanism and electronic control unit) that supervise the use of the clutch and the gear shifting, without using the clutch, it allows the driver to change gear, either sequentially or fully automatically. The driver will just have to worry about when to start and stop. AMT is not a clutch-less system, it contains clutch but clutch pedal is absent. Car manufacturers prefer AMT because they don’t need to replace manual transmission and just install an ad-on hydraulic kit.

Current Scenario

Magneti Marelli (Fiat Group-owned automotive component manufacturer) and Maruti Suzuki have signed a joint venture to manufacture AMT systems. Currently, these kits are manufactured in Italy and imported as CBUs (Completely Build Unit). The demand of it is so huge that there is a supply deficit in AMT kits. Magneti Marelli has set up a plant in Manesar, Haryana to balance the huge demand and short supply of the units. As of now, just 1-2 per cent of cars in India are equipped with AMT but by 2020, AMT cars in India are expected to gain 30 percent of market share. AMT would be offered in most of the entry level cars.

Cost for the car manufacturers will not be much as they will be giving an option on the existing transmission rather than working on the manual transmission. There is a difference of about Rs 40,000-50,000 in the cost of AMT cars and manual cars.

Future of AMT cars in India

The first thing that comes to the mind of Indian customers while buying a vehicle is the fuel efficiency. AMT cars are cheaper and fuel efficient than conventional automatic cars and provide better acceleration. The driving experience also becomes easier and less hectic as the driver does not have to worry about pressing the clutch repeatedly. These cars will be a great hit among the women drivers as they need not worry about the synchronisation of the clutch and gears.

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