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Paris climate pact & India’s commitments

Paris climate pact & India’s commitments
Highlights

The government will scale up renewable energy capacity addition from 30GW by 2016-17 to 175 GW by 2021-22.The renewable power target of 175 GW by 2022...

The Union Cabinet on April 20 gave its approval for signing the Paris Agreement adopted at the 21st Conference of Parties held in Paris in December 2015. It may be recalled that the 21st Conference of Parties under UNFCCC was held in Paris from 30th November to 12th December, 2015. The CoP adopted a new Paris Agreement under the UNFCCC, which would be open for signing by the Parties between April 22, 2016-April 21, 2017. The agreement includes a commitment to keep the rise in global temperatures "well below" 2 C compared to pre-industrial times, while striving to limit them even more, to 1.5 degrees, to roll back global warming and shore up defences against its impacts.
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Prakash Javadekar, signed the agreement on behalf of India on 22nd April, 2016 at the high-level signature ceremony convened by the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Ban Ki-moon. India has agreed to reduce the Emissions Intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 Per Cent by 2030 from 2005 Level. It will create additional Carbon Sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of Co2 Equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030. The country will also anchor a Global Solar Alliance. Over one million medium and small enterprises will be involved in the Zero Defect Zero Effect Scheme to improve energy efficiency. Urban transport policy will have a major focus on Mass Rapid Transit Systems. In addition to 236 km of metro rail in place, about 1150 km metro projects for cities including Pune, Ahmedabad and Lucknow are being planned. The switch from Bharat Stage IV (BS IV) to Bharat Stage V (BS V) and Bharat Stage VI (BS VI) to improve fuel standards across the country is also planned for the
near future.
The government will scale up renewable energy capacity addition from 30GW by 2016-17 to 175 GW by 2021-22.The renewable power target of 175 GW by 2022 will result in abatement of 326.22 million tons of CO2 eq. /year. The ambitious solar expansion programme seeks to enhance the capacity to 100 GW by 2022. As many as 93 million LED bulbs have been distributed till April 12, 2016. This has resulted in energy savings of more than 33.3 million kWh every day.

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