India committed to see the realization of a sovereign, independent, united and viable Palestine, co-existing peacefully with Israel, during the visit...
India committed to see the realization of a sovereign, independent, united and viable Palestine, co-existing peacefully with Israel, during the visit of Mahmoud Abbas, President of the State of Palestine. India hopes for early resumption of talks between Palestinian and Israeli sides to move towards finding a comprehensive resolution.
What exactly are the Palestine demands? In December 2016, the United Nations passed a resolution, condemning Israeli settlements in Palestine areas under its occupation. It said the settlement threatened the prospect of a final peace deal with the Palestinians the so-called two-state solution. In 1947, a year before the creation of Israel, the United Nations voted for partition of the land then known as British Mandate Palestine into two states one Jewish in nature and the other Arab.
After a war in 1967 Israel seized control of much of the Arab land, the largest part being the West Bank. Gaza Strip is the other Palestine area run by Islamist movement Hamas which refuses to recognise Israel. In the early 1990s peace talks led to the Oslo accords between the Government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organisation, which called for an independent Palestinian state on the basis of UN lines.
However the state has failed to materialise. The Oslo Accords led to recognition by the then Palestinian leadership of the state of Israel’s right to exist in return for the withdrawal of Israeli forces from the Gaza Strip and West Bank. However, Israel keeps going back on its word. The Israel government also demands that the Palestinians recognise Israel specifically as a Jewish state.
The demand for the "Right of Return" by the descendants of Palestinian refugees to Israel has remained a cornerstone of the Palestinian view. But it must be said that Camp David Peace Talks in 2000 saw Israel offer several concessions in return for two concessions An end to violence; and a public declaration that the terms of the final settlement marked an “end of the conflict” with no more Palestinian claims or additional demands on Israel in the future.