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Few takers for Covid debt recast scheme
Improving business sentiment, expectation of a sharp recovery are persuading borrowers to skip OTDR
New Delhi: As many as 99 per cent of companies (excluding MSMEs) rated by Crisil are unlikely to opt for the Reserve Bank of India's (RBI) one-time-debt-restructuring (OTDR), a preliminary analysis of 3,523 such non-MSME companies by the rating agency has indicated.
The RBI had, on August 6, announced the scheme as a relief measure for non-MSME corporate borrowers having an aggregate exposure of greater than Rs 25 crore and were under stress due to the Covid-19 pandemic.
But of the Crisil sample, only 1 per cent indicated that they would apply for OTDR. This is despite two-thirds of the rated entities being eligible based on the parameters proposed by the K.V. Kamath Committee set up by the RBI. Subodh Rai, Senior Director, Crisil Ratings, said: "Improving business sentiment on account of increased economic activity over the past couple of months, and expectation of a sharp recovery next fiscal are persuading borrowers to skip OTDR."
"Another deterrent is the impact on the borrower's long-term credit history - accounts of those opting for OTDR would be classified as restructured advances by lenders, which could impact their ability to raise debt in future."
Additionally, for 44 per cent of Crisil-rated corporates, more than three-fourth of their debt comprises short-term working capital facilities. In these cases, availing of OTDR would have negligible benefits, as the resolution plans under this scheme are focussed on deferring principal repayment of long-term debt.
Such borrowers, instead of opting for debt recast, may prefer to seek additional working capital financing as announced by the RBI under its Covid-19 regulatory package, the agency said.
Early into the lockdown, 968 companies, or 27 per cent of the sample set, had opted for the moratorium allowed by the RBI.
As much as 98 per cent of these are not seeking an OTDR for reasons mentioned earlier.
"The recently announced Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme (ECLGS) for the health care sector and 26 other stressed sectors, which allows companies to borrow up to 20 per cent of their outstanding dues, will further dissuade borrowers -- especially those facing temporary liquidity issues - from opting for debt recast.
However, companies that belong to highly impacted sectors such as hotels, retail, real estate, and textiles would still prefer OTDR given their longer business-recovery timelines," said Sameer Charania, Director, Crisil Ratings.
The rating agency said that these are early days and greater clarity will emerge as the regulatory deadline of December 31 - set by the RBI for invoking debt restructuring plans -- nears. The number of companies seeking OTDR may increase if sentiment around recovery dampens or Covid-19 afflictions keep increasing, leading to fresh curbs on economic activity, it added.