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Paris Climate Change Summit: Five important things you must know!

Paris Climate Change Summit: Five important things you must know!
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The historic Paris climate Change summit kicks off on Monday in Paris, where the world leaders have the challenge of coming to a mutual decision on...

The historic Paris climate Change summit kicks off on Monday in Paris, where the world leaders have the challenge of coming to a mutual decision on how to prevent climate change, which could have disastrous consequences in the future if not checked on time.


Here are the five important things you must know about the Paris climate Change summit:

1) What is COP21?

The 21st United Nations Conference of the Parties, or COP21, i.e. the annual meeting of all countries which want to take action with regard to global warming. It is being held in Le Bourget, France, from 30th November (today) to 11th December. A total of 147 heads of state and government will attend the summit.

2) Main objective of the meet:

The primary goal of the Convention is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to limit the global temperature increase to 2 °C above pre-industrial levels.The objective is also to achieve a legally binding and universal agreement on climate, from all the nations of the world.

3) Why is the meeting being held?

Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, therefore, Paris government is expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that and potentially beyond.


4) What is the host country's stand:

France is a contributor to the Global Environment Facility and the Clean Technology Fund, also participating in the work of the Board of the Green Climate Fund, to which it will be contributing a total of $1 billion by 2018. France is also one of the lowest greenhouse gas emitters among industrialized nations, producing just 1.2% of global emissions, while accounting for 4.2% of global GDP.

5) Where does India stand:

Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar said that India expects an "equitable and just" climate agreement in Paris and does not want the Paris summit to fail unlike the Copenhagen summit which the minister said people have termed as "flopenhagen". Prime Minister Narendra Modi is visiting Paris today to take part in the inaugural session of the UN climate change summit.

​By Ny​misha Reddy. K
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