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5G technology

5G technology
Highlights

The government on Tuesday set up a high-level 5G committee with a mandate to lay down a road map for roll out of the technology by 2020.

The government on Tuesday set up a high-level 5G committee with a mandate to lay down a road map for roll out of the technology by 2020.

According to officials, the government is working on creating a corpus of Rs 500 crore to fund 5G activity, mainly on research and product development. Under the 5G technology, the government aims to deliver about 10,000 mega bits per second in urban areas and 1000 mbps in rural locations, reports PTI.

5G simply stands for fifth generation and refers to the next and newest mobile wireless standard based on the IEEE 802.11ac standard of broadband technology, although a formal standard for 5G is yet to be set. And according to the Groupe Speciale Mobile Association (GSMA) to qualify for a 5G a connection should meet most of these eight criteria: 1. One to 10Gbps connections to end points in the field;

2. One millisecond end-to-end round trip delay; 3. 1000x bandwidth per unit area; 4. 10 to 100x number of connected devices; 5. (Perception of) 99.999 percent availability; 6. (Perception of) 100 percent coverage; 7. 90 per cent reduction in network energy usage; and 8. Up to ten-year battery life for low power, machine-type devices. Previous generations like 3G were a breakthrough in communications.

3G receives a signal from the nearest phone tower and is used for phone calls, messaging and data. 4G works the same as 3G but with a faster internet connection and a lower latency (the time between cause and effect). 4G claims to be around five times faster than existing 3G services and theoretically, it can provide download speeds of up to 100Mbps. 5G will be significantly faster than 4G, allowing for higher productivity across all capable devices with a theoretical download speed of 10,000 Mbps.

Plus, with greater bandwidth comes faster download speeds and the ability to run more complex mobile internet apps. However, 5G will cost more to implement and while the newest mobile phones will probably have it integrated, other handsets could be deemed out of date.

A reliable, wireless internet connection can depend on the number of devices connected to one channel. With the addition of 5G to the wireless spectrum, this could put us at risk of overcrowding the frequency range, according to www.techworld.com.

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