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Mizo Accord

Mizo Accord
Highlights

The President of India, Ram Nath Kovind, addressed a special session of the Mizoram Legislative Assembly in Aizawl on Thursday. He appreciated that...

The President of India, Ram Nath Kovind, addressed a special session of the Mizoram Legislative Assembly in Aizawl on Thursday. He appreciated that the sense of honour and dignity that one sees in public life in Mizoram is heart-warming. It is also typical of this state’s rich society. The signing, implementation and adherence to the Mizo Accord of 1986 is still held up as a shining example all over the world, he said.

Brigadier Sushil Kumar Sharma writes (http://www.vifindia.org) that, signed on 30 June 1986, between the Mizo National Front (MNF) and the Government of India, the Mizo Accord so far remains the only successful Peace Accord of its kind in independent India’s history. The Mizoram accord is also rigtly referred to as 'the only insurgency in the world which ended with a stroke of pen,' by security experts all over the world.

Mizoram (Mizo Hill) was a district within Assam till 1972 when it became a Union Territory. A perceived sense of loss of Identity to their Assamese domination together with discrimination in various fields contributed to the Mizo alienation and rebellion against India. Laldenga, the former army soldier took control of the Mizo National Famine Front (MNFF) and led the rebellion against India.

In 1974, Laldenga expressed his willingness to discuss a solution to the problem within the Indian constitution in a letter written to the then prime minister Indira Gandhi. India could have struck a deal with him then, i.e., 12 years before the accord was eventually signed. However, it did not happen. Hopes of negotiations appeared again in 1984 and Laldenga returned to India.

However, the assassination of Mrs Indira Gandhi on 31 October 84, the day the late PM was scheduled to meet Laldenga, delayed the process again. Negotiations continued in 1985, and in July, 1986, Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi went to Mizoram for a 72-hour goodwill tour as a follow up to his Mizo Peace Accord. Laldenga became the joyful leader of the interim government and Chief Minister.

With the surrender of arms by the Mizo National Front guerrillas, after 20 years of strife, the Indian government conferred statehood on the territory of Mizoram on August 7, 19865. Elections for the first Mizoram Legislative Assembly was held on I6th February, 1987 and Mizoram became a full-fledged State from 20th February, 1987.

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