Washington: The composition of breastmilk changes in pregnant women on probiotics, a recent study suggests.
Breastmilk sugars differ in pregnant women on probiotics: Study
The finding, published in the Journal of JAMA Pediatrics, upends what scientists thought of human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) — the sugar molecules found exclusively in human breast milk — and could lead to future studies on how the compounds can be potentially influenced by diet and other factors.
The study analysed data from 81 pregnant women who were enrolled in a probiotic supplementation study in Finland. The researchers then compared 20 different HMOs in the two groups of women — those taking probiotics and those that were not.
“Because HMOs may be linked to the development of food allergies in an infant, manipulating HMO composition favourably could open up a new avenue for prevention of food allergies,” said Kirsi Jarvinen-Seppo, the senior co-author on the paper.