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India ready to enter into multiple pacts

India ready to enter into multiple pacts
Highlights

India ready to enter into multiple pacts, Varma, the Indian Permanent Representative to the Conference on Disarmament, was speaking at a meeting of the UN General Assembly Committee on Disarmament and International Peace.

No first use of Nuke weapons

Indira Gandhi visiting the test site. India conducted its first nuclear detonation, described as a peaceful Nuke blast, on 18 May 1974United Nations: Reiterating its traditional policy of not using nuclear weapons first and not targeting non-nuclear weapons nations, India has offered to enter into agreements incorporating the two principles while ruling out joining the non-proliferation treaty.

"As a responsible nuclear power India has a policy of credible minimum deterrence based on a No First Use posture and non-use of nuclear weapons against non-nuclear weapon states," Ambassador DB Venkatesh Varma said . "We are prepared to convert these into bilateral or multilateral legally binding arrangements."

Varma, the Indian Permanent Representative to the Conference on Disarmament, was speaking at a meeting of the UN General Assembly Committee on Disarmament and International Peace.

While New Delhi is "unwavering in its commitment to universal, non-discriminatory, verifiable nuclear disarmament", he said, "there is no question of India joining the NPT (Non-Proliferation Treaty) as a non-nuclear weapon state."

That would require New Delhi unilaterally giving up its nuclear weapons.

On another matter impacting the restriction of nuclear weapons, Varma offered New Delhi's qualified support to the Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty (FMCT) negotiations.

"Without prejudice to the priority we attach to nuclear disarmament, we support the negotiation in the Conference on Disarmament of an FMCT that meets India's national security interests," he said.

Such a treaty would stop the making of materials that could be used in nuclear weapons.

Reintroducing a draft resolution on a Convention on the Prohibition of the Use of Nuclear Weapons, he criticised countries with nuclear weapons coverage that have repeatedly voted against the proposed measure since it was first introduced in 1982.

Varma expressed "regret that a sizeable minority of member states - some of them nuclear weapon states, some with nuclear weapons stationed on their soil and others with alliance partnerships underwritten by policies of first use of nuclear weapons - have voted against this resolution".

And, "for reasons that are difficult to understand, some member states which are today in the forefront of efforts to highlight the humanitarian impact of use of nuclear weapons have also voted against this resolution".

Reflecting the concern of the international community to the dangers from terrorists, Varma said India will be introducing again a draft resolution on "measures to prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction".

Participating in the debate, Pakistan called for the development of an international non-proliferation system "through policies that are equitable, criteria-based and non-discriminatory".

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