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World AIDS Day 2019: Here is what you have to know about this irreparable disease

World AIDS Day 2019: Here is what you have to know about this irreparable disease
Highlights

World AIDS Day is held on the first day of December to raise awareness of AIDS and remembering those who died of AIDS or who are fighting HIV / AIDS.

World AIDS Day is held on the first day of December to raise awareness of AIDS and remembering those who died of AIDS or who are fighting HIV / AIDS. The World Health Organization decided to hold AIDS Day in 1988 for the first time. AIDS Day began with a special day dedicated to human health issues.

Here are the statistics of AIDS across the world

There are 37.9 million HIV infected people worldwide. Of these, only 79 per cent were tested. A further 62 per cent were able to seek medical help. About 53 per cent of people have been released from HIV. The World Health Organization announced these details. AIDS Day is also aimed to bring awareness to patients across the world.

How is AIDS caused?

AIDS is caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Immunity is decreased in people infected with this virus. Declining resistance means that our body loses the power to fight diseases that make us sick. The virus kills the immune cells called CD4. This can lead to the death of various conditions.

How HIV turns into AIDS.

HIV is transmitted through the mother's milk, vagina, blood and semen. This is a lifelong condition that cannot be cured. However, with proper treatment and management, a person can live with HIV for many years.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a disease that develops in people with HIV. AIDS is often referred to as the high incidence of HIV. This HIV kills CD4 cells. In healthy adults, CD4 cells range from 500 to 1500 cubic millimetres. AIDS is diagnosed when a person with HIV has a CD4 count of less than 200 cubic millimetres.

If someone is HIV positive, people with HIV will be diagnosed with AIDS, even if they develop a rare infection or cancer.

AIDS can be treated with antiretroviral drugs. However, it will not cure entirely as it can only prevent.

What are the symptoms of AIDS

HIV symptoms usually depend on the stage of infection. In most cases, the disease appears to be very infectious within the first few months of infection. Most people infected with HIV do not know whether they are HIV positive or not until later stages. During the first few weeks after the disease, an HIV positive person may experience flu-like symptoms:

Symptoms such as fever, headache, rash and sore throat appear in the first stage. As HIV symptoms increase, immunity weakens. Besides, inflammation, lymph nodes, high fever, sudden weight loss, coughing and diarrhea can increase.

If HIV is left untreated, symptoms such as tuberculosis, severe bacterial infections, cancer, lymphoma, and streptococcal meningitis can worsen.

Prevention is the only way to prevent HIV. It is not immediately possible to eradicate AIDS because the disease is known to be affected early.

Hospitals which treat AIDS in our Country

Osmania Hospital in Hyderabad, Government Chest Hospital Erragadda, KGH in Visakhapatnam, ART Clinic in Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital in Delhi, ART Clinic in Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Narayana Hospital, All India Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Tilak Municipal Hospital, Tophi Wala National Medical College, Arumbakkam Siddha Medical College and Madras Medical College in Chennai

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