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What is NGT?

What is NGT?
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The ban on diesel vehicles older than 10 years in Delhi has been put on hold by the National Green Tribunal (NGT) which has asked the Delhi government...

The ban on diesel vehicles older than 10 years in Delhi has been put on hold by the National Green Tribunal (NGT) which has asked the Delhi government to find ways of keeping these vehicles off the road. It has imposed the ban, saying: "Pollution levels are at alarming levels and residents of Delhi deserve better." The Arvind Kejriwal government has struggling to implement the ban. It has got a temporary breather now that the tribunal asked it to suggest by May 1 how to enforce the ban.

The National Green Tribunal has put severe restrictions on live bands or DJ music, dancing and other noisy celebrations at marriages in western India, violation of which could invite police action. National Green Tribunal Act, 2010, is an Act of the Parliament of India which enables creation of a special tribunal to handle the expeditious disposal of the cases pertaining to environmental issues. It was enacted under India's constitutional provision of Article 21, which assures the citizens of India the right to a healthy environment.

The Act provides for " establishment of a National Green Tribunal for the effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources including enforcement of any legal right relating to environment and giving relief and compensation for damages to persons and property and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.” On 18 October 2010, Justice Lokeshwar Singh Panta became its first Chairman. Currently it is chaired by JusticeSwatanter Kumar.

Notable actions of the Tribunal since inception are Yamuna Conservation Zone Order to the government to declare a 52 km stretch of the Yamuna in Delhi and Uttar Pradesh as a conservation zone. It has cancelled the clearance given by the then Union Environment and Forests Minister, Jairam Ramesh, to the Parsa East and Kante-Basan captive coal blocks in the Hasdeo-Arand forests of Chhattisgarh, overruling the statutory Forest Advisory Committee in June 2001. The ban on decade-old diesel vehicles is an attempt to minimize air pollution in New Delhi and the national capital region.

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